Teaching / Service



Teaching is a passion of mine.  As an undergraduate, I fell in love with philosophy, and I instill this same passion for philosophy into my students.  My simple, twofold goal for my students is to make philosophy interesting and clear.  I simulate student interest by creating interfaces between the philosophical arguments and what students already care about, such as social, political, and pop cultural issues. I promote clarity by emphasizing simple deductive arguments in classroom discussions and assignments.  As a teacher of philosophy, I continually self-assess and strive to improve my pedagogical methods.

Current Courses
  • Critical Thinking: Ryerson University, Spring 2021 (100-level, 2 sections)
    • Syllabus
    • Link to playlist of lectures
Future Courses: 
  • Knowledge, Truth, and Belief: Ryerson University, Fall 2021 (500-level)
  • Graduate Seminar in Epistemology: Ryerson University, Fall 2021 (700-level)
  • Critical Thinking: Ryerson University, Spring 2022 (100-level, 2 sections)
Past Courses
  • Knowledge, Truth, and Belief: Ryerson University, Fall 2020 (500-level)
    • Syllabus
    • Link to playlist of lectures
  • Permissivism and Disagreement: Australian National University, Spring 2020 (Graduate Foundations Seminar)
  • Social Philosophy: Notre Dame, Fall 2017 (200-level)
    • Syllabus
  • Introduction to Philosophy: Notre Dame, Fall 2016 (100-level; TA for Jeff Speaks)
Prospective Courses


Ryerson hosts a philosophy of religion works-in-progress group. For more information about the group, see here

  • We are hosting an online workshop on the Axiology of Theism on June 28-30, 2021. ~500 word abstracts should be sent to kraay@ryerson.ca, due May 15, 2021. For more information about the workshop, see here
  • We hosted an online philosophy of religion workshop December 8-9, 2020. See here for more info and a schedule. 

Together with other philosophers, I organize the Junior Workshop in Philosophy of Religion.

  • We hosted our second annual meeting in March 2020, after the Central APA. The program is available here.

I wrote a list of some tips for succeeding in grad school in philosophy. You can download it as a PDF here, and see it as a webpage here, and view it on Philosopher’s Cocoon here. For related advice on how to do philosophical research, see here